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Over the past decades, global environmental governance has significantly developed and now includes a large number of international agreements, mechanisms and institutions. However, as 2019’s climate strikes and demonstrations have highlighted, no significant improvement has been achieved. In order to achieve long-term and profound progress in environmental governance, policy focus needs to be complemented by intensified efforts to strengthen environmental rule of law. To do so, the capacity of international courts to pronounce judgements on environmental matters, the clarity and scope of environmental legal principles, and compliance with and implementation of judgements must be further strengthened. This policy brief outlines concrete steps which justice and foreign ministries can take, both nationally and internationally, in order to strengthen environmental rule of law.

foraus – Swiss Forum on Foreign Policy launched «IHL 2.0», a call for ideas on future developments of international humanitarian law. From over a dozen submissions, foraus together with various external experts chose the most original and thought-provoking ideas and invited their authors to develop their ideas into concrete policy advices. Two main strands of ideas emerged: The first concerns specific actors in conflicts, whereas the second relates to structural challenges of humanitarian law, particularly regarding compliance.

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