Agnieszka Wiśniewska – Paul Kagame, Chairman of the African Union and President of the Republic of Rwanda, has been proclaimed the 2018 African of the Year by Forbes Africa. The announcement came shortly before the end of Vision 2020, the flagship development programme of this controversial leader. How does the strategy relate to Kagame’s affirmed economic ideals, especially in the context of his country’s strengthening […]
Agnieszka Wiśniewska – On September 3rd 2018, Xi Jinping has outlined the Chinese framework of engagement in Africa at the 2018 Forum on China-Africa Cooperation. On December 13th, the United States has presented its corresponding New Africa Strategy, a document in line with the Trump Administration’s «America First» policy. What do these plans reveal about the two countries’ approaches to the African states?
Agnieszka Wiśniewska – As the Belt and Road Initiative becomes a reality, its scope and depth requires China to formulate a clear set of foreign policy principles. The Beijing Consensus has served as an umbrella term encompassing a variety of plans, frameworks and ideas originating from the Chinese leadership. However, does this ‘China model’ really form a comprehensive entity?